Tipón Archaeological Park

Description

As an emblematic sample of the Inca hydraulic wisdom we highlight Tipón, a town located 23 km southeast of Cusco, at an altitude of 3,560 meters above sea level, located in the district of Oropesa, province of Quispicanchis, was a major shrine where water worship with the care and veneration that the Incas treated this element. This complex has been distinguished by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) as a marvel of Civil Engineering. Respect for the natural environment and the technology used to mobilize the waters of the springs are a model of hydraulic engineering at the service of man and nature.

It stands out that it is the only Inca complex that is in perfect operation.                                  The renowned Peruvian historian Dr. Luis Antonio Pardo, believes that the current name of Tipón can derive from the Quechua word T Olímpuj, which means “to be boiling” and which refers to the sprouting of the waters of the sources as if the liquid was boiling . This name was assigned in modern times, as the original name was another.

Where are you?

Tipón is the first tourist destination in the South Valley of Cusco. It is located in the community of Choquepata, in the district of Oropesa, province of Quispicanchi; just 23 kilometers southeast of the Imperial City. The asphalted road Cusco-Oropesa can be reached in just 37 minutes with any car. The altitude is 3316 meters above sea level. In the highest area of the enclosure, the altitude can reach 3850 meters.

Why visit Tipón?

The Archaeological Park of Tipón has 240 hectares. It is part of the Qhapac Ñam route (network of Inca roads). It is attractive to the visitor because it is composed of thirteen terraces built in the masonry or Inca style. Among its greatest attractions are its royal precincts, the Intiwatana (altar of the sun), the viewpoint or Cruzmoqo (summit where there is a cross), the smaller enclosures and the wall. According to the chronicler Garcilaso de la Vega, it was built by the Inca Huiracocha as the residence of his father Huaqaj, after he was overthrown because he escaped from a Chanca rebellion.

  • The royal enclosures
  • It is presumed that it was the Royal House that the Inca Huiracocha had built for his father. It is the widest and most attractive place in the Archaeological Park. Its beautiful gardens were made with Inca-style terraces. It was built on the basis of megalithic stone blocks. It has water sources and gutters that, despite the passage of time, continue to pour water.

  • The platforms and channels
  • These Inca constructions were so well made that they survive to this day. Tipón could be a center of agricultural experimentation due to the elaboration of its platforms. The perfection of its underground canals earned it the name of the temple of water. It is presumed that the large amount of liquid comes from the top of the Pachatusan, mountain of the place.

  • The Intiwatana
  • The Intiwatana or altar of the sun is located a few meters from the royal precincts. They are rooms built with trapezoidal windows through which you can see all Tipón. Because of its location above a mountainous elevation, its building was ideal for sun worship.

  • El Mirador or Cruzmoqo
  • The Cruzmoqo or "Summit where there is a cross" is located in the northern part of the Archaeological Park. From its location you can see the city of Cusco. It was also an important center inhabited by many residents in the times of the Incas. The beauty of the landscape is one of the main attractions of the enclosure.

  • Minor enclosures
  • It is called smaller enclosures because it housed minor characters than real enclosures. It is located a short distance from the Intiwatana or altar of the sun. Even so, the rooms are of great importance in the Archaeological Park. At the beginning, they were made of stone but the completion was made of adobe (combination of clay and sand).

  • The wall
  • It is presumed that it was built with the purpose of protecting the enclosure from the constant wars that the Incas fought. However, when the hostile towns became part of the Tahuantinsuyo, this construction lacked objective. Due to its gigantic dimensions, its elaboration must have taken many years of work.

    How to visit Tipón?

    To enter the Archaeological Park of Tipón you must have the complete or partial Cusco Tourist Ticket but that includes the attractions of the South Valley of Cusco. The way to get there is simple: it can be done by taxi, private car or public transport (approximately 37 minutes). In the place, the tour takes two hours on average. If you want to skirt the mountain of Pachatusan, it takes 4 hours.

    Gastronomic tourism

    For lovers of good food, Tipón is one of the most popular destinations in Cusco. Twelve minutes from the Archaeological Park, there are many typical food restaurants in the area. Among the main dishes are the baked guinea pig and the pork rind. Both dishes are accompanied by mountain potatoes and chili pepper from Huacatay. Peru is considered the most exciting culinary destination in the world.

    Horse tipon

    For adventure lovers, Tipón can also offer you an unforgettable experience through horseback riding. From the town of Huasao, a town located 30 minutes from the city of Cusco, the visitor begins to ride through incredible landscapes until ascending to the Archaeological Park of Tipón. Then comes the descent to the town of Oropesa. The tour includes lunch.

    Office hours

    From Monday to Sunday from 7:00 am to 6:00 pm.



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