sacsayhuaman archaeological park

The Archaeological Park of Sacsayhuamán houses 33 archaeological sites, among which stand out: the Sacsayhuaman Fortress, every June 24 the Inti Raymi or Fiesta del Sol is celebrated on the esplanade of Sacsayhuamán. In the Qenko archaeological complex (labyrinth), ceremonies were held in honor of the Sun, Moon and Stars; would date back to the year 1,500 A.D. The Puca Pucara enclosure has numerous enclosures, interior squares, watchtowers, aqueducts and roads; and it would have served as a resting and lodging place for the Inca. On the other hand, Tambomachay would have had religious functions linked to water.

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    Location of Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Park

    The Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Park is located 3 km from the city of Cusco, on the top of a mountain, it has a total area of ​​approximately 3,000 hectares. It houses a great variety of Andean flora and fauna; llamas, hawks and kestrels can be seen very frequently in this place.

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    What places does the Sacsayhuamán Archaeological Park include?

    33 archaeological sites make up the Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Park. Here we present some of the most important places in the Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Park; To visit these places you will need the Cusco Tourist Ticket

    Sacsayhuamán archaeological site

    It is located 2 km northeast of the imperial city of Cusco (10 minutes by car).

    Sacsayhuaman means "place where the falcon is satiated". It is calculated that the construction of La Fortaleza de Sacsayhuamán required the work of more than 20,000 men, for a period of 70 years; presents impeccable engineering work (gigantic carved rocks that fit with absolute precision, without any glue). Sacsayhuaman must have been a complex titanic, with sacred lagoons and numerous ceremonial temples. It is known that it could have been a religious construction, but its location and style made the Spanish and chroniclers consider it a military building. In this place the most important temple of the Hanan Qosqo (high Cusco), dedicated to the cult of the sun (Inti), moon (Quilla), the stars (chaska), the Ray (Illapa) and other divinities to which the Incas worshiped them. It is considered cyclopean, due to the size of its stones, which in some cases weigh between 90 and 125 tons; oh and it's considered one of the most mysterious places on the planet.

    Visiting hours: Monday through Sunday from 7 am to 6 pm.

    Qenqo archaeological site

    It is located 3 km northwest of the main square of the city of Cusco (15 minutes by car).

    Qenqo was a ceremonial center built during the government of Huayna Cápac, in celebration of the birth of his son Huáscar. Quenqo features underground galleries and a semi-circular amphitheater, worth visiting. Its construction dates from the year 1 500 A.D. Qenko (or labyrinth), is considered a sacred place where ceremonies were held in honor of the main Inca deities, the Sun, the Moon and the Stars.

    Visiting hours: Monday to Sunday from 7 am to 6 pm.

    Puca Pucara archaeological site

    It is located 7 km northeast of the imperial city of Cusco (30 minutes by car).

    It receives the name Puca Pucara (red fortress) due to the color that its stones acquire at sunset. In this complex you can find numerous enclosures, squares, watchtowers, aqueducts and roads. It would have fulfilled the function of tambo (resting place or accommodation). It is said that when the Inca wanted to visit Tambomachay, he and his court stayed in Puca Pucara. Its fortified appearance makes it called a fortress.

    Visiting hours: Monday to Sunday from 7 am to 6 pm.

    Tambomachay archaeological site

    It is located 7.5 km from the city of Cusco in a northwest direction (35 minutes by car).

    TambomachayIt is also known as the Inca baths. This complex presents a series of walls, channels, waterfalls and aqueducts; It was a spa that served as a resting place for the Inca (governor of the empire), in addition to serving as a place of worship for water. One of the most outstanding characteristics of Tambomachay, is undoubtedly its hydraulic system. It contains 2 aqueducts carved out of the rock, which transport and maintain a constant flow of clean water throughout the year. Tambomachay is closely related to Puca Pucara, and is related to the worship of water and the regeneration of the land. According to the chroniclers, this enclosure dates from the year 1,500 AD. It has an area of ​​0.5 ha, and is built almost entirely of limestone.

    Visiting hours: Monday to Sunday from 7 am to 6 pm.

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