TEMPLE OF THE SUN -QORICANCHA

Description

The square of Santo Domingo is located in the current enclosure of the temple and convent of Santo Domingo, built on the remains of the Qorikancha and extends to Av. El Sol.

According to the Inca conception, the Qorikancha was the religious center of Cusco, geographical and political center. The temple of the Qorikancha, was the place where he pleaded the highest Inca god the "Inti" (sun). "Qori" means worked gold, its Castilianized form is cori. "Kancha" means fenced place, limited by walls. Where you have the name corresponds roughly "fenced place that contains gold".

The temple of the Sun

It was the main Temple of the entire Qorikancha, it occupied more than half the width of the current Church of Santo Domingo. Garcilaso says that inside this temple were the embalmed bodies of the children of the Sun put by antiquity in chairs and on gold tables, the walls were covered with gold plates, there being a disk representing the figure of the Sun of a gold plate thicker than the other plates that covered the temple. On the western end corresponds to the current drum overlooking the Av. Sol; its eastern end reached the current atrium of the church.

The Temple of the Moon

This temple was closer to the Temple of the Sun, since it was considered the Moon wife of the Sun. This building was lined with silver planks, there being the representation of the Moon made in silver. Inside the mummies of the Coyas were placed in order of seniority. Approximately half of the Temple was demolished by the Spaniards to build the nave of the Santo Domingo church. It occupies part of the western side of the inner courtyard of the Qorikancha.

The Temple of Venus and the Stars

It is close to the Temple of the Moon, but separated by a beautiful alley, dedicated to Venus and the seven goats and all other stars. Venus the Incas called "Chasca" which means star. In this temple the Inca was located, according to references of historians, to be divinized or to witness parties or sacrifices made in the rectangular courtyard. It occupies part of the western side of the inner courtyard of the Qorikancha.

The Temple of Illapa or Chuki Illapa

Illapa or ChukiIllapa mean at the same time lightning, lightning and thunder. The mentioned temple is in front of the temple of Venus, it has three simple, equidistant and slightly trapezoidal jamb doors, it also has a window in each side wall.

The Temple of K'uychi or Rainbow

Almost all the peoples of the world, at all times, built large squares in front of their temples. Intipanpa or Intipampa (name that translates as Plain of the Sun) is the place where the nobles stayed their courts, service personnel, dancers, etc. when in the course of parties the Inca and the nobility moved to the Qorikancha. This place currently corresponds to the Plaza de Santo Domingo, apparently its limits and extent have almost not suffered variation. It is the North of what was the Qorikancha.

The solar garden

It became the great deposit of offerings that of all the subject and confederate nations brought to the Sun god, the offerings consisted of representations of flora and fauna of the Tahuantinsuyo. According to some historians, these offerings made of gold and silver were life-size and were so many that they filled in a surprising way and in such number the terraces that the Spaniards called it The Solar Garden. In the colonial era it became an orchard of Dominican friars. It is located in the western part of the Qorikancha, you can see it from Av. Sol in all its extension.

Water fountains

There were 5 water sources, the origins of the water from the sources was a secret kept. The fountains had religious significance and were decorated with precious metals. They were located throughout the Qorikancha, we can now see a fountain with octagonal corners in the Qorikancha's courtyard.



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