Qenqo Archaeological Complex

Description

Qenqo one of the most important places in the city of Cusco. It has a height of 3500 m.a.s.l. It is located just 4 km from the imperial city and a few from Sacsayhuaman, Puca pucara and Tambomachay. It is believed that in this place they worshiped the Inca deities such as the sun, the moon, the earth, and the mountains (apus). Here are some interesting facts about this amazing place.

Qenqo or Kenko is a Quechua word that translated into Spanish means 'Labyrinth'. This is due to the underground galleries in various directions and channels on zigzag stone that exist in this place. The name was put by the Spaniards after the conquest, the Inca name is still unknown. While the terraces, aqueducts, trails, colcas and liturgical baths were destroyed during the Spanish invasion, you can still appreciate the incredible stone work of the Incas.

Location

6 km from the city of Cusco (5 min. northeast of Cusco), in Peru at 3,580 meters above sea level.

Office Hours

Hours from Monday to Sunday: from 7:00 a.m. at 6:00 p.m.

Archaeological area

Although the original name of this shrine is unknown, the Spanish conquerors decided to name it with the Quechua word K’enko, which means “labyrinth”, perhaps because of the labyrinthine underground galleries or the small channels carved into the zigzag-shaped rocks.

Areas that make up Qenqo

  • The amphitheater
  • In the incanato this was a temple, where public ceremonies were held, it has a semicircular area of 55 meters in diameter (long), where 19 incomplete niches are located along the wall. In the front, in the free area there is a block of stone 6 meters high on a solid rectangular pedestal, and possibly represents a gigantic sculpture, but that through time has had zoomorphic modeling.                                  It also has a rocky ledge decorated with a passage that leads to an underground room, a complex of platforms, rooms and a system of drainage channels designed to evacuate water from the place.

  • The Underground Chamber
  • The work of the rock I do here is considered a feat, because floors, ceilings, walls, tables and niches were carefully carved on the same living rock; It is considered to have been a place of worship for secret and hidden rites. The builders of the place completed their composition with service rooms around them, also having platforms and channels for the evacuation of water generated by the rains.

  • The Mortuary Room
  • The great mystery of the Andean cult is one of the attractions of the Inca civilization. On the so-called "Room of Sacrifices", because even the doubts about this issue are still not resolved. It is an underground chamber, carved entirely in a huge rock. Floor, ceiling, walls, tables are carved in the lower part of the large rocky area; It is said that this underground chamber may have been used to embalm dried apricots, but it is also possible that human and animal sacrifices have been carried out there (especially the llama).

    How to get to Qenqo?

    About 15 minutes from the main square of Cusco by bus, very close to the fortress of Sacsayhuamán. You can visit Qenqo by means of a City Tour (Pull) offered by any tourism agency (almost all of them offer this service) or on foot walked an average of 50 minutes from the city of Cusco or you can take a private tour.



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