General information of the Cusco city

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    General Data of Cusco
    General data
    Capital: The city of Cusco.
    Location: In central and southern Peru, 1,494 km from the city of Lima.
    Altitude: 3,399 m.s.n.m
    Weather: Cold and dry climate, with an annual average temperature of 11 ° C. The rainy season is from November to April.
    Extensión: 71,892 Km2.
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    General information

    Cusco (Qosqo in Quechua), means navel of the world, and is one of the largest regions of Peru. Its geographical location has allowed it to develop agriculturally, standing out in the cultivation of corn, quinoa, barley, potatoes, tea and coffee. Today Tourism is its main source of income, due to the great archaeological wealth left by the Tahuantinsuyo empire and the passage of the Spanish. It is undoubtedly the city that preserves the most beautiful and important archaeological monuments of Peru and America, including Macchu Pichu, being in this way the first tourist destination in our country, an important tourist destination for those who come to appreciate the impressive Inca architecture; stone work carried out with originality and perfection.

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    In its surroundings there are many Inca and Colonial archaeological remains such as the archaeological site of Macchu Picchu,located 130 km northeast of the city of cusco, a 600 m aprox. on the Urubamba river. Inside this Inca citadel a total of 150 houses is calculated; one room houses, highlighting the sundial (or Intihuatana), an astronomical observatory that was built in a strategic place in the citadel, from where the Incas could observe the movements of the sun.

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    Among its main archaeological monuments we can mention the fortress of SacsayHuamán, Ollantaytambo, Písac, Kenko, Acllahuasi, the archaeological site of Tambomachay, among other sites of archaeological and tourist importance. Important architectural remains of the colonial style are still preserved from the Spanish past, including the Cathedral Basilica, the temple and the Merced convent, the church of the company of Jesus ,the pulpit of San Blas, the churches of Santa Catalina, Santa Clara and San Cristóbal, Santo Domingo, and museums and paintings of the Cusqueña School.

    It was founded on March 23, 1533, by the conqueror Francisco Pizarro, thus converting the city of Cuzco into a mestizo and colonial city.

    In 1911, the American explorer, Hiram Bingham discovered the Macchu Picchu Archaeological Sanctuary.

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    Due to the impressive beauty of its archaeological monuments, Cusco has been, deservedly, declared as the "Archaeological Capital of South America", in an Americanist congress held in Argentina, in the year of 1993. And in 1993, the state Peruvian through the congress declares the city of Cusco as the "Historical Capital of Peru".

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    How to get to Cusco

    Land route:

    The city of Cuzco can be reached by the following means:

      Lima - Arequipa - Cusco: 1,494 km of route, with a duration of 24 hours approx. by bus. This is the most recommended route to get to this city.

      Lima-Nazca-Puquio-Abancay-Cusco: 1,136 km (20 hours by car approx.).

      Puno - Cusco: 389 Kms, 7 hours by car.



    Airway:

    There are daily air transport services that operate from Lima to Velasco Astete Airport (10 min. From the city of Cusco), and 45 minutes approx. Of flight.

    Another recommended air route to get to the city of Cuzco is: Arequipa - Cusco, which lasts 30 min. approx. Of flight.


    Railway:

    There is a railway network that connects the cities of Arequipa - Juliaca - Puno - Cusco and Quillabamba.

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    Travel Distances from Cusco to Important Cities

    Other Cities of Peru

    Abancay 199 Kilometres
    Arequipa (Cusco - Combapata - Cusco) 515 Kilometres
    Ayacucho. 597 Kilometres
    Huancavelica 838 Kilometres
    Huaraz 1 512 Kilometres
    Ica 802 Kilometres
    Lima (Lima - Arequipa - Cusco) 1 494 Kilometres
    Moquegua 731 Kilometres
    Nazca 663 Kilometres
    Pisco 879 Kilometres
    Puno. 384 Kilometres.

    Cities within the Cusco Region

    Acomayo 104.5 Kilometres.
    Anta 26 Kilometres.
    Calca 50 Kilometres.
    Paucar tambo 109 Kilometres.
    Paruro 64 Kilometres.
    Quilla bamba 210 Kilometres.
    Santo Tomás 240 Kilometres.
    Sicuani 138 Kilometres.
    Urcos 46 Kilometres.
    Urubamba 76 Kilometres.
    Yanaoca 165 Kilometres.
    Yauri 241 Kilometres.
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    Gastronomy and Drinks

    The city of Cusco has a wide range of typical dishes, a great heritage from its ancestors. Trying these delicious dishes is one way to get to know the city. Among its main typical dishes are:

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    Spicy potato with fried guinea pig
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    Kapchi
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    Chiriuchu
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    Cuy al style Cusqueño
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    Chicharrón con mote
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    Humitas
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    Tamales
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    Adobo
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    Chuño cola
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    Olluco with meat
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    Pepián de cuy o conejo
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    Rocoto relleno


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