All About the Moray ruins in Cusco

  • 1
    Moray Ruins

    Throughout the Sacred Valley, the Incas left us a great legacy of archaeological and architectural sites that are preserved to this day. Thanks to them we have been able to learn much of the history and culture of this empire that inhabited Peru for around 100 years, between 1438 and 1533.

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    Meaning of "Moray"

    Like many other names of places in Cusco, the word Moray comes from Quechua. There are several versions about the origin of this term. On the one hand, there are those who say that it is a contraction of the words Muyu (round) and Uruy (below or at the bottom) and on the other, those who attribute it to terms such as Aymoray (corn harvest and May) ) and Moraya or Moray (dehydrated potato).

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    The importance of Moray during the Inca period

    When you walk through the different archaeological sites of Cusco, you will meet the famous Inca terraces, an example of the great architectural capacity of this empire.

    The platforms distributed throughout the Sacred Valley, including those in Moray, were used as an agricultural research center. Each of them has a different temperature, so they could plant different types of products. Thus and according to studies, in Moray the Incas managed to grow more than 250 types of vegetables.

    To water this entire surface, they implemented complex hydraulic systems. In addition, at the bottom of the platforms they developed a method with which they managed to store and reuse rainwater.

    But some scholars of the Inca Empire speak of Moray as a center also dedicated to astronomical observation and prediction of meteorological phenomena.

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    Location and climate

    As in the rest of Cusco, there are two distinct seasons in Moray: the dry season and the rainy season.

    During the dry season, the average temperature in the day is 20 ºC, while at night it falls to 1 ºC. In the rainy season, the days have an average temperature of 21 ºC and the nights, 7 ºC. However, in the rainy season, the roads are more muddy and, on some occasions, access can be difficult.

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