Information, Data and Location of Tambomachay

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    Tambomachay, is a wonderful archaeological site that Peru has, from many years ago, which is still preserved and admired by visitors. Peru has truly been blessed with one of the most important civilizations of the pre-Hispanic American culture. Without a doubt there are a number of archaeological sites

    Other interesting information about these ruins are their channels which are designed and built in such a way that they drastically reduce the erosion that the current generates.

    At its main source there are two jets that have the same water flow. This means that the same amount of water per unit of time circulates on both sides. You cannot imagine the amounts of calculation required to obtain such a result.

    Another curiosity is that even with all the technological resources we have, they have not been able to determine which water stream they use to supply it in Tambomachay. Nor as they are crystalline and drinkable.

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    Tambomachay's location

    The Tambomachay ruins are 7 kilometers from the city of Cusco, by bus or car it is 38 minutes away but you can also take a walking tour that will take approximately 2 hours. There are many tours that can be hired in Cusco. And I recommend using a guide because, you can miss part of the visit if you go alone on your own. These ruins are found, included within the so-called Archaeological Park of Sacsayhuamán And it was close to the so-called road of the Andes. These ruins are part of a large set of ruins that are close to each other. and that they were adjacent to the main Inca city located in Cusco. You may also be interested in the following article.

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    Tambomachay description

    To describe the purpose and design of Tambomachay, we would have to be guided by the design of a modern aqueduct with channels that transport water through a network, until we reach a series of fountains with jets that dispense the precious liquid..

    High stone walls dominate the ruins. Tambomachay contains a series of enclosures and a ceremonial platform, to access the ruins you have to go through a door which is completely walled as a fortress and according to the theories that some archaeologists have it was the Rest House that the Incas had when they were hunting. There was the so-called QorimarKa path that led to a ravine that has the same name as the path, where you could get many deer.

    In Tambomachay, the Inca and his wife made a purification ritual, and the cult of water was professed, they were also of utmost importance since several springs were born from this site that, through pipes, served as irrigation services for the crops of the neighboring towns and water supply to its inhabitants. In fact, along the entire Tambomachay river can be seen channels made of masonry, very well calculated and made for water management.

    These ruins are surrounded by an impressive roads that connect it with other archaeological sites from Tmbomachay itself to the city of Cusco, among other sites that we can mention that are found on these roads and that are of utmost archaeological importance, we can mention Qorimarka, Pukara , Yuncaypata, Inquiltambo, Ccaltachaka and Ccari Grande. The network of channels that comes out of Tambomachay is so large that archaeologists estimate it to be between 12 and 15 kilometers long, crossing the entire valley at the foot of the mountain where the ruins are located. Nowadays, visitors who come to Tambomachay describe their experience as a place of extensive calm and serenity.

    Talking more about the description of the Tambomachay site, archaeologists divide it into 3 zones. The first of the areas that they have called platforms and that is the first site that we will be able to see on our visit to these ruins that is characterized by having an architecture in cycles, because we are going to find terraces and walls alternated cyclically one after the other. of other. In the middle of this area we will see the first source. Where they used calcareous stones, with finely polished edges and that were attached to the stone from which the water flows. Which is one of the most important characteristics that Inca architects or builders had in trying to keep their buildings in harmony with nature. On the terraces it was presumed that they were used for crops.

    The second area that we will find on our visit is called Tambomachay sources since in these we will find two beautiful and impressive sources that are in consecutive form, the first source with a waterfall and the second with two waterfalls. And one of the most important features of this area is the more robust polygonal and cellular architecture at the bottom of the fountains and a finer architecture at the top. In this upper part we will be able to observe niches of approximately 1.8 meters high that, due to the archaeological findings, are presumed to be to deposit offerings and which makes it presume that it was an area for religious worship, ceremony and some very important events related to the theme of water.

    Throughout this sector, a series of caverns have been found through which the water circulates and which were channeled towards the sources in a masterful way and this would be the most important and representative area of ​​these ruins. It is estimated that very few people had access to this area, it was for privileged people of the Inca empire. The Tambomachay site is estimated to have been built between 1400 and 1480 A.D.

    And finally the sector called Tucara that is on the top of a hill in front of the second area, which is presumed to be a viewpoint for the Inca emperor, which would allow him to comfortably observe any event that took place in the source sector .

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    Tambomachay Height

    One of the peculiarities of the Tambomachay ruins is its location since it is located 3,700 meters above sea level (masl) Due to its particular location at a very high level and on the slopes of a mountain, and in addition to all this, Placed right on the river of the same name, archaeologists presume that in ancient times there must have been abundant Andean fauna in the place. In addition to the large number of irrigation channels in the ruins, there was also a lush garden. What allows to affirm two important theses that are handled with respect to its use by the Inca civilization.

    The first was that it was a place where a water cult was performed. This related to the cultural traditions that the Incas had towards the nature that surrounded them and the second thesis that it was a place of rest but not for anyone, only for characters with great importance within the hierarchy of the Inca Empire. We must remember that much of the information that existed on what this civilization was doing at a social or cultural level was lost thanks to the destruction of its history by the conquerors, so we can only guess and scientifically analyze the ruins and archaeological finds found in the excavations that continue to be made around all the ruins.